The Moon:

Earth's Nearest Neighbor in Space

Third Grade


A Listing of PA Standards Addressed

"Pennsylvania’s public schools shall teach, challenge and support every student to realize his or her maximum potential and to acquire the knowledge and skills needed to..."

1.1.3 F - Understand the meaning of and use correctly new vocabulary learned in various subject areas.
1.6.3 A i - Ask questions as an aid to understanding.
1.6.3 A ii - Distinguish fact from opinion.
1.6.3 D i - Ask relevant questions.
1.6.3 D ii - Respond with appropriate information or opinions to questions asked.
1.6.3 D iii - Listen to and acknowledge the contributions of others.
1.6.3 D iv - Display appropriate turn-taking behaviors.
1.7.3 A - Identify words from other languages that are commonly used English words.

2.1.3 B - Use whole numbers and fractions to represent quantities.
2.1.3 C - Represent equivalent forms of the same number through the use of concrete objects, drawings, word names and symbols.
2.1.3 D - Use drawings, diagrams or models to show the concept of fraction as part of a whole.
2.1.3 H - Demonstrate an understanding of one-to-one correspondence.
2.2.3 E - Use estimation skills to arrive at conclusions.
2.3.3 A - Compare measurable characteristics of different objects on the same dimensions (e.g., time, temperature, area, length, weight, capacity, perimeter).
2.6.3 D - Form and justify an opinion on whether a given statement is reasonable based on a comparison to data.

3.1.4 B ii - Identify and apply models as tools for prediction and insight.
3.1.4 C ii - Use knowledge of natural patterns to predict next occurrences (e.g., seasons, leaf patterns, lunar phases).
3.1.4 D i - Identify the use of scale as it relates to the measurement of distance, volume and mass.
3.1.4 D ii - Describe scale as a ratio (e.g., map scales).
3.1.4 E ii - Examine and explain change by using time and measurement.
3.2.4 A i - Distinguish between a scientific fact and a belief.
3.2.4 A ii - Provide clear explanations that account for observations and results.
3.2.4 A iii - Relate how new information can change existing perceptions.
3.2.4 B ii - Use observations to develop a descriptive vocabulary.
3.2.4 C iii - Conduct an experiment.
3.2.4 C iv - State a conclusion that is consistent with the information.
3.2.4 D i - Recognize and explain basic problems.
3.2.4 D ii - Identify possible solutions and their course of action.
3.2.4 D iii - Try a solution.
3.2.4 D iv - Describe the solution, identify its impacts and modify if necessary.
3.2.4 D v - Show the steps taken and the results.
3.3.4 A i - Identify the processes of living things (e.g., growth, digestion, react to environment).
3.3.4 A iii - Describe the basic needs of plants and animals.
3.3.4 C i - Identify characteristics for animal and plant survival in different climates.
3.4.4 B i - Identify energy forms and examples (e.g., sunlight, heat, stored, motion).
3.4.4 C ii - Recognize forces that attract or repel other objects and demonstrate them.
3.4.4 C iii - Describe various types of motions.
3.4.4 C iv - Compare the relative movement of objects and describe types of motion that are evident.
3.4.4 C v - Describe the position of an object by locating it relative to another object or the background (e.g., geographic direction, left, up).
3.4.4 D i- Recognize Earth’s place in the solar system.
3.4.4 D iv - Describe the solar system motions and use them to explain time (e.g., days, seasons), major lunar phases and eclipses.
3.5.4 A ii - Identify various Earth structures (e.g., mountains, faults, drainage basins) through the use of models.
3.7.4 B ii - Explain appropriate instrument selection for specific tasks.

4.3.4 A i - Know that all living things need air and water to survive.

7.1.3 B ii - (Identify and locate places and regions) -
Human features:
  • Countries (i.e., United States, Mexico, Canada)
  • States (i.e., Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, West Virginia)
  • Cities (Philadelphia, Erie, Altoona, Pittsburgh, Scranton, Harrisburg, Johnstown, Allentown, Washington D.C., Baltimore, New York, Toronto, Cleveland)
  • Local community

    7.2.3 A i - Identify the physical characteristics of places and regions.) -
    Physical properties: